Coping with acne problems: how dermatologists can help

Coping with acne problems: how dermatologists can help

Medical Examiner Title of an ImageOne of the most common treatments for acne breakouts is by using a range of antibiotics. They are great for treating the bacteria that causes the acne outbreak in the first place. The type of acne that antibiotics address is Propionibacterium acnes, which is bacteria that normally grows within the skin.  However, it can cause acne outbreaks when pores get clogged with sebum and dead skin cells.

Acne antibiotics work in several different ways. Most importantly, it decreases the total number of bacteria that exist around and even inside follicles. Antibiotics also reduce the number of chemicals that are produced by white blood cells. These chemicals can irritate the skin cells and cause irritation and inflammation. The third reason that antibiotics are effective is because they can reduce the amount of free fatty acids within sebum. This also helps reduce the natural response of the skin which is inflammation.


There are 5 common antibiotics that are utilized:



Tetracycline is easily the most widely used antibiotic that is used to battle acne outbreaks. It is normally taken twice a day at either 500 mg or 250 mg. The largest drawback to tetracycline is that is must be taken on an empty stomach. If this is not done, it cannot be absorbed into the body and will be ineffective.



Erythromycin is also a common antibiotic to fight acne. It continues to gain popularity because it holds several advantages over tetracycline. It has a built in anti-inflammatory that will decrease the redness and blotchy-ness around the lesions as well as killing the bacteria itself. It can also be taken with food and still be effective. The biggest drawback is that it can cause nausea and upset stomach.  However, pregnant women can take it safely.



Minocycline is primarily used to battle against pustular acne. It is a derivative of tetracycline and has been used for a long time. There are some major side effects to be aware of, however they are rare.  They include nausea, dizziness, skin color alteration, tooth discoloration, and vomiting.



Doxycycline is primarily used by people who have not responded well or cannot tolerate either tetracycline and erythromycin. It should be taken on a full stomach, otherwise nausea is a very probably side effect. It also can cause an increased sensitivity to the sun.



Clindamycin is the most common topical antibiotic, but can also be a successful oral antibiotic as well. The only serious drawback is an intestinal infection known as pseudomembranous colitis.

Make an online consult with experienced aesthetic dermatologist right now to determine what is best for you. They are experts in treating all types of skin diseases. They will help you get the best treatment for your skin type.